Sino-Japanese and Russian-Japanese war

Sino-Japanese and Russian-Japanese war In order to understand the historical meaning of the Sino-Japanese war and the Russo-Japanese war, it is necessary to look at the world situation from the end of the Edo period, especially the Russian movement. This is because the Japanese-Chinese-Russian war had to be consistently answered by Russia. First, Russia is a country whose borders change with time, and when there is a national force, it steadily expands outward. The focus was on the Balkans, Central Asia and East Asia. Japan in East Asia was also one of the targets for Russia, which was looking for a way out of the crisis. However, Russia also does not have a very strong military power, and it is impossible to fight simultaneously on three sides. Therefore, we are primarily trying to secure the Balkan Peninsula. This happened during the Crimean war of 1853. Despite the fact that different countries are involved in this battle, the structure of the conflict can be loosely called a conflict between Russia within the framework of the policy of the South and Britain and France, who want to secure a trade route to India. After winning the Crimean war, Russia turned its attention to neutral Asia, and in the 1870s the British Empire seized control of Uzbekistan. Incidentally, 1853, when the Crimean war broke out, was the year when Perry's American fleet came to Japan to discover their country. This is by no means a mismatch. At this time, Russia, Britain and the United States were interested in Japan. In this situation, the United States came to Japan with the possibility that Britain and Russia were waging a Crimean war. However, the Edo Shogunate was unaware of the international situation. The bakufu gathered information about Western countries from the Dutch trading post at Nagasaki, and they fully understood that Russia was trying to seize Japan as its territory, and that Britain had the military power to establish colonies in the world and defeat the great and Qing dynasties in the Opium war. Unlike these two countries, at that time the United States was a developing country and it was not yet a colony. So the Shogunate compared the three kingdoms, so the United States is the enemy. This is likely to be seen as an "open threat to the country," but the Shogunate must say it made a wise decision after gathering information beforehand. However, this does not mean that the UK and Russia have abandoned Japan. When the Crimean war ended in 1856, Britain, along with France, targeted the Qing and provoked the second Opium war(1856-1860). By winning this battle, the British secured their interests in China, and in 1863 they defeated the Satsuma war. Russia, on the other hand, helped cede the Primorsky territory to the Qing by mediating a Sino-British peace with the Anglo-French war. Vladivostok, a military port built in the sea of Japan, is an important base for Russia in the far East. During this period, there was a civil war in the United States (1861-1865), and Japan could not afford to participate in it. In other words, the British and Russians were competing against each other in Japan. In 1861, an incident occurred in which a British ship led out the Russians occupying Tsushima, intimidating them. It is a matter of time that Korea's modernization cannot be done by this state and it is swallowed by Russia. If this happens, the Russian power will shake the fate of Japan up to the Tsushima Strait. It was the Sino-Japanese war of 1894 when Japan moved to make Korea modernized, even if it got in the first step and did some rough work. Japan, victorious in the Sino-Japanese war, signed the Treaty of Shimonoseki, whichprovided for Korea's independence from the Qing, reparations and the cession of the Liaodong Peninsula. But then the side lights came on. Russia, Germany and France will make a joint statement against Japan. Return the Liaodong Peninsula to the Qing. If Japan does not respond, they will take any action. After the so-called triple intervention, Prime Minister ito and foreign Minister Mutsu had no choice but to agree to a triple intervention and return the Liaodong Peninsula to Qing. However, Russia borrowed the Liaodong Peninsula from the Qing. Seeing this, the Korean Empire, which had just gained independence from the Qing during the Treaty of Shimonoseki, tried to oppose Japan to Russia as a "major", while it was clear that Russia would increasingly become part of the Korean Empire. Japan is going to go to war with Russia. However, from the point of view of the national authorities, they will not see victory. Therefore, Japan turned to the UK for support, but the UK was too busy with the Boer war in South Africa. There is no time to help the far East. In 1902, the British joined the Anglo-Japanese Union. This does not mean that the UK will participate in the war, “the UK will maintain a favorable neutrality during the war between Russia and Japan."However, as Russia has an Alliance with France, if France enters the war, great Britain will also be at war with Japan. From a British point of view, Japan is like a piece of salmon, so you can win, but even if you lose, Japan will perish, and it's just a Union from first to last. Kuryan Alexander